Paper & Boards

Inside a paper mill
© Forestry Commission

A book or a newspaper is a processed tree.

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) estimates we need between 30 and 40kg of paper per person per year to meet basic needs for communication and literacy. Nearly all that comes from softwoods or conifers.

Stacking the end product
© Forestry Commission

Worldwide, humans consume 270,000,000 tonnes of paper annually, much of that for packaging. Healthcare relies heavily on paper products too, and dressings, paper nappies and sanitary towels are practical because paper is absorbent, cheap and throwaway.

More than a tenth of all wood harvested worldwide ends up as paper. The bulk of the raw material is from softwoods or conifers.